Angular projections of fractal sets
Département de Physique Théorique, Université de Genève,
24 Quai E. Ansermet, CH-1211 Genève, Switzerland
2 INFM Sezione di Roma 1, and Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Roma "La Sapienza”, P.le A. Moro 2, I-00185 Roma, Italy
Accepted: 17 October 1997
We discuss various questions which arise when one considers the central projection of three-dimensional fractal sets (galaxy catalogs) onto the celestial globe. The issues are related to how fractal such projections look. First we show that the lacunarity in the projection can be arbitrarily small. Further characteristics of the projected set —in particular scaling— depend sensitively on how the apparent sizes of galaxies are taken into account. Finally, we discuss the influence of the opacity of galaxies. Combining these ideas, seemingly contradictory statements about lacunarity and apparent projections can be reconciled.
PACS: 05.20.-y – Statistical mechanics / 98.65.-r – Galaxy groups, clusters, and superclusters; large scale structure of the Universe
© EDP Sciences, 1997