Dynamical mean-field theory as a random loop problem
Institute of Physics, Dortmund University - D-44221 Dortmund, Germany
Accepted: 5 January 2000
In dynamical mean-field theory (DMFT) the Anderson lattice model is mapped onto the impurity model, with the density of states determined from a self-consistence condition (scc). The mapping is rigorous in infinite spatial dimensions d. It can be diagrammatically modelled as self-avoiding loops. While at finite d > 4 the number of mathematical self-avoiding loops is negligible compared to all random loops, to the mathematical scc at infinite d they contribute a fraction 1/e to all random loops. The limits of and infinite loop length cannot be interchanged, thus making 1/d-corrections to the scc questionable. We find the analogous result for the DMFT loop. We also discuss numerical difficulties arising in the infinite-U limit of the Anderson lattice model, and analytically simulate them.
PACS: 75.20.Hr – Local moment in compounds and alloys; Kondo effect, valence fluctuations, heavy fermions / 05.50.+q – Lattice theory and statistics (Ising, Potts, etc.)
© EDP Sciences, 2000