Hund's rule, spin blockade, and the Aufbau principle in strongly confined semiconductor quantum dots
National Renewable Energy Laboratory - Golden, Colorado 80401, USA
Accepted: 2 February 2000
The ground-state configuration of a system of N electrons or holes in strongly confined InAs, InP, and Si quantum dots (diameter Å) is calculated using pseudopotential single-particle energies and wave functions as input to the many-body expansion of the total energy. The validity of generally accepted “rules of level occupation” (Hund's rule, Aufbau principle, and single spin-flip rule) is examined. We find that while Hund's rule is generally obeyed, deviations from the Aufbau principle are common when single-particle energy levels are separated by a few meV. We also find a few instances where the single spin-flip rule is violated, leading to “spin blockade” in linear conductance.
PACS: 73.20.Dx – Electron states in low-dimensional structures (superlattices, quantum well structures and multilayers)
© EDP Sciences, 2000