Could one find petroleum using neutrino oscillations in matter?
Institut für Theoretische Physik, Physik-Department,
Technische Universität München James-Franck-Straße, 85748
Garching bei München, Germany
Accepted: 12 July 2002
In neutrino physics, it is now widely believed that neutrino oscillations are influenced by the presence of matter, modifying the energy spectrum produced by a neutrino beam traversing the Earth. Here, we will discuss the reverse problem, i.e. what could be learned about the Earth's interior from a single neutrino baseline energy spectrum, especially about the Earth's mantle. We will use a statistical analysis with a low-energy neutrino beam under very optimistic assumptions. At the end, we will note that it is hard to find petroleum with such a method, though it is not too far away from technical feasibility.
PACS: 14.60.Pq – Neutrino mass and mixing / 13.15.+g – Neutrino interactions / 91.35.-x – Earth's interior structure and properties
© EDP Sciences, 2002