Do small worlds synchronize fastest?
Network Dynamics Group, Max Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self-Organization - 37073 Göttingen, Germany, EU
2 Centre for Complexity Science, University of Warwick - Coventry CV4 7AL, UK, EU
3 Bernstein Center for Computational Neuroscience (BCCN) Göttingen - 37073 Göttingen, Germany, EU
Corresponding author: email@example.com
Accepted: 11 May 2010
Small-world networks interpolate between fully regular and fully random topologies and simultaneously exhibit large local clustering as well as short average path length. Small-world topology has therefore been suggested to support network synchronization. Here we study the asymptotic speed of synchronization of coupled oscillators in dependence on the degree of randomness of their interaction topology in generalized Watts-Strogatz ensembles. We find that networks with fixed in-degree synchronize faster the more random they are, with small worlds just appearing as an intermediate case. For any generic network ensemble, if synchronization speed is at all extremal at intermediate randomness, it is slowest in the small-world regime. This phenomenon occurs for various types of oscillators, intrinsic dynamics and coupling schemes.
PACS: 89.75.-k – Complex systems / 05.45.Xt – Synchronization; coupled oscillators / 87.19.lm – Synchronization in the nervous system
© EPLA, 2010