Helicity in cylindrically confined Yukawa systems
Institut für Theoretische Physik II: Weiche Materie, Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf, Universitätsstraße 1, D-40225 Düsseldorf, Germany, EU
Accepted: 16 March 2011
By lattice sum minimization, we predict the ground state of particles interacting via a Yukawa potential which are confined in a quasi–one-dimensional cylindrical tube. As a function of screening strength and particle density, the zero-temperature phase diagram exhibits a cascade of stable crystals with both helical and non-helical structures. These quasi–one-dimensional crystals can be confirmed in experiments on confined charged colloidal suspensions, trapped dusty plasmas or ions in nanotubes.
PACS: 82.70.Dd – Colloids / 64.70.K- – Solid-solid transitions
© EPLA, 2011