Coupling of magnetic edge states in Li-intercalated bilayer and multilayer zigzag graphene nanoribbons
Department of Physics, National University of Singapore - 2 Science Drive 3, 117542 Singapore
2 Institute of Chemical and Engineering Sciences - 1 Pesek Road, Jurong Island, 627833 Singapore
3 College of Physics and Communication Electronics, Jiangxi Normal University - Nanchang, Jiangxi, 330022 PRC
Accepted: 21 March 2011
Electronic and magnetic properties of Li-intercalated bilayer zigzag graphene nanoribbons (ZGNRs) are studied by the spin density functional method. The configuration with antiferromagnetic (AFM) coupling of the edge states between two nanoribbon layers is found most stable. The energy differences between the ferromagnetic states and AFM states increase as the width of the graphene nanoribbon increases. Further calculations show that Li-intercalated trilayer and tetralayer ZGNRs also favor the AFM coupling of the edge states. Such “superlattice" structure formed with spin magnetic edge states are potentially useful for spintronics applications.
PACS: 73.22.Pr – Electronic structure of graphene / 75.75.-c – Magnetic properties of nanostructures / 71.15.Mb – Density functional theory, local density approximation, gradient and other corrections
© EPLA, 2011