Vison excitations in near-critical quantum dimer models
Department of Physics, University of Basel - CH-4056 Basel, Switzerland
2 Institute of Theoretical Physics, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL) CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
Accepted: 18 April 2011
We study vison excitations in a quantum dimer model interpolating between the Rokhsar-Kivelson models on the square and triangular lattices. In the square-lattice case, the model is known to be critical and characterized by U(1) topological quantum numbers. Introducing diagonal dimers brings the model to a Z2 resonating-valence-bond phase. We study variationally the emergence of vison excitations at low concentration of diagonal dimers, close to the critical point. We find that, in this regime, vison excitations are large in size and their structure resembles vortices in type-II superconductors.
PACS: 75.10.Kt – Quantum spin liquids, valence bond phases and related phenomena / 05.50.+q – Lattice theory and statistics (Ising, Potts, etc.) / 64.70.Tg – Quantum phase transitions
© EPLA, 2011