Infrared scintillation yield in gaseous and liquid argon
Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics - Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia
Accepted: 19 April 2011
The study of primary and secondary scintillations in noble gases and liquids is of paramount importance to rare-event experiments using noble-gas media. In the present work, the scintillation yield in gaseous and liquid Ar has for the first time been measured in the near infrared (NIR) and visible region, both for primary and secondary (proportional) scintillations, using Geiger-mode avalanche photodiodes (G-APDs) and pulsed X-ray irradiation. The primary scintillation yield of the fast component was measured to be 1.7×104 photon/MeV in gaseous Ar in the NIR, in the range of 690–1000 nm, and 5.1×102 photon/MeV in liquid Ar, in the range of 400–1000 nm. Proportional NIR scintillations (electroluminescence) in gaseous Ar have been also observed; their amplification parameter at 163 K was measured to be 13 photons per drifting electron per kV. Possible applications of NIR scintillations in high-energy physics experiments are discussed.
PACS: 29.40.Mc – Scintillation detectors / 78.60.Fi – Electroluminescence / 61.25.Bi – Liquid noble gases
© EPLA, 2011