Photonic quantum transport in a nonlinear optical fiber
Physics Department, Harvard University - Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
2 Center for the Physics of Information and Institute for Quantum Information, California Institute of Technology - Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
3 Physics Department, University of Fribourg - Chemin du Musée 3, 1700 Fribourg, Switzerland
Accepted: 26 April 2011
We theoretically study the transmission of few-photon quantum fields through a strongly nonlinear optical medium. We develop a general approach to investigate nonequilibrium quantum transport of bosonic fields through a finite-size nonlinear medium and apply it to a recently demonstrated experimental system where cold atoms are loaded in a hollow-core optical fiber. We show that when the interaction between photons is effectively repulsive, the system acts as a single-photon switch. In the case of attractive interaction, the system can exhibit either antibunching or bunching, associated with the resonant excitation of bound states of photons by the input field. These effects can be observed by probing statistics of photons transmitted through the nonlinear fiber.
PACS: 42.65.-k – Nonlinear optics / 05.60.Gg – Quantum transport / 42.50.-p – Quantum optics
© EPLA, 2011