Frustrated modulation of multiferroic conical spin state in spinel structure
Department of Physics, Southeast University - Nanjing 211189, China
Accepted: 1 May 2011
The multiferroicity driven by the conical spin state, exhibiting both spontaneous magnetization and ferroelectric polarization, offers a great promise for the effective mutual control of magnetism and ferroelectricity. To investigate this novel multiferroic state in detail, Monte Carlo simulation is performed on a three-dimensional spinel lattice with classical Heisenberg spins. The spin configuration is analyzed in the case of different lattice sizes and different exchange interactions, which presents the optimal conical spin structure approximately incommensurate with the lattice periodicity. Moreover, it is revealed that the spin frustration, which is controlled by the exchange interactions, can modulate the conical spin structure effectively, and thereby control the corresponding magnetoelectric behavior.
PACS: 75.85.+t – Magnetoelectric effects, multiferroics / 75.25.-j – Spin arrangements in magnetically ordered materials (including neutron and spin-polarized electron studies, synchrotron-source x-ray scattering, etc.) / 75.50.Gg – Ferrimagnetics
© EPLA, 2011