Disorder-induced brittle–to–quasi-brittle transition in fiber bundles
Department of Theoretical Physics, University of Debrecen - P. O. Box 5, H-4010 Debrecen, Hungary, EU
Accepted: 16 May 2011
We investigate the fracture process of a bundle of fibers with random Young modulus and a constant breaking strength. For two-component systems we show that the strength of the mixture is always lower than the strength of the individual components. For continuously distributed Young modulus the tail of the distribution proved to play a decisive role since fibers break in the decreasing order of their stiffness. Using power-law–distributed stiffness values we demonstrate that the system exhibits a disorder-induced brittle–to–quasi-brittle transition which occurs analogously to continuous phase transitions. Based on computer simulations we determine the critical exponents of the transition and construct the phase diagram of the system.
PACS: 64.60.av – Cracks, sandpiles, avalanches, and earthquakes / 46.50.+a – Fracture mechanics, fatigue and cracks
© EPLA, 2011