Can we always get the entanglement entropy from the Kadanoff-Baym equations? The case of the T-matrix approximation
Mathematical Physics and European Theoretical Spectroscopy Facility (ETSF), Lund University 22100 Lund, Sweden, EU
Accepted: 15 May 2011
We study the time-dependent transmission of entanglement entropy through an out-of-equilibrium model interacting device in a quantum transport set-up. The dynamics is performed via the Kadanoff-Baym equations within many-body perturbation theory. The double occupancy , needed to determine the entanglement entropy, is obtained from the equations of motion of the single-particle Green's function. A remarkable result of our calculations is that can become negative, thus not permitting to evaluate the entanglement entropy. This is a shortcoming of approximate, and yet conserving, many-body self-energies. Among the tested perturbation schemes, the T-matrix approximation stands out for two reasons: it compares well to exact results in the low-density regime and it always provides a non-negative . For the second part of this statement, we give an analytical proof. Finally, the transmission of entanglement across the device is diminished by interactions but can be amplified by a current flowing through the system.
PACS: 71.10.-w – Theories and models of many-electron systems / 71.10.Fd – Lattice fermion models (Hubbard model, etc.) / 03.67.Mn – Entanglement measures, witnesses, and other characterizations
© EPLA, 2011