Spin relaxation in Rashba rings
Department of Physics and Astronomy and USC Nanocenter, University of South Carolina Columbia, SC 29208, USA
2 Department of Physics and Technology, V. N. Karazin Kharkov National University - Kharkov 61077, Ukraine
Accepted: 17 June 2011
Spin relaxation dynamics in rings with Rashba spin-orbit coupling is investigated using spin kinetic equation. We find that the spin relaxation in rings occurs toward a persistent spin configuration whose final shape depends on the initial spin polarization profile. As an example, it is shown that a homogeneous parallel to the ring axis spin polarization transforms into a persistent crown-like spin structure. It is demonstrated that the ring geometry introduces a geometrical contribution to the spin relaxation rate speeding up the transient dynamics. Moreover, we identify several persistent spin configurations as well as calculate the Green function of spin kinetic equation.
PACS: 72.25.Rb – Spin relaxation and scattering / 71.70.Ej – Spin-orbit coupling, Zeeman and Stark splitting, Jahn-Teller effect / 71.10.-w – Theories and models of many-electron systems
© EPLA, 2011