Phase transition, superstructure and physical properties of K2Fe4Se5
Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences Beijing 100190, PRC
2 Department of Physics, Renmin University of China - Beijing 100872, PRC
Accepted: 20 June 2011
The structural features and physical properties of the antiferromagnetic K0.8Fe1.6Se2 (so-called K2Fe4Se5 phase) have been studied in the temperature range from 300 K up to 600 K. Resistivity measurements on both single crystal and polycrystalline samples reveal a semiconducting behavior. Structural investigations of K2Fe4Se5 by means of transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) demonstrate the presence of a well-defined superstructure within the a-b plane originating from a Fe-vacancy order along the [1−10] direction (indexed based on the supercell with space group of I4/m). Moreover, in situ heating structural analysis shows that K0.8Fe1.6Se2 undergoes a transition of the Fe-vacancy order to disorder at about 600 K. The phase separation and the Fe-vacancy ordering in the superconducting materials of KxFe2-ySe2 (0.2 ≤ y ≤ 0.3) has been briefly discussed.
PACS: 74.62.Bf – Effects of material synthesis, crystal structure, and chemical composition / 74.25.Ld – Mechanical and acoustical properties, elasticity, and ultrasonic attenuation / 61.05.J− –
© EPLA, 2011