Microscopic model for the semiconductor-to-ferromagnetic-metal transition in FeSi1−xGex Alloys
Institut für Theoretische Physik, ETH Zürich - CH-8093 Zürich, Switzerland
2 College of Engineering, Nihon University - Koriyama 963-8642, Japan
3 Max Planck Institut für Physik komplexer Systeme - Nöthnitzer Str. 38, D-01187 Dresden, Germany, EU
Accepted: 25 June 2011
The simplified band structure introduced by Mazurenko et al. to model FeSi is used to analyze the singlet semiconductor to ferromagnetic metal transition in the isoelectronic isostructural alloys, FeSi1−xGex. The complex band structure of the alloy is replaced by an alternating chain of doubly and singly degenerate atoms to represent Fe and Si/Ge, respectively. The former (latter) form narrow (broad) bands with a substantial hybridization between them. A substantial onsite repulsion including Hund's rule coupling is introduced on the Fe sites. The mean-field phase diagram contains a first-order phase transition from the singlet semiconductor to a ferromagnetic metal with increasing temperature and interaction strength, similar to the alloys. The analysis also reproduces the rapid rise of the spin susceptibility in the semiconductor with a crossover to a Curie-Weiss form at higher temperatures. Good agreement is found at zero temperature between the mean-field and accurate DMRG calculations.
PACS: 71.20.Be – Transition metals and alloys / 71.30.+h – Metal-insulator transitions and other electronic transitions / 75.50.Bb – Fe and its alloys
© EPLA, 2011