Swapping and entangling hyperfine coupled nuclear spin baths
Institut für Theoretische Physik, Universität Regensburg - 93053 Regensburg, Germany, EU
Accepted: 29 June 2011
We numerically study the hyperfine induced nuclear spin dynamics in a system of two coupled quantum dots in zero magnetic field. Each of the electron spins is considered to interact with an individual bath of nuclear spins via homogeneous coupling constants (all coupling coefficients being equal). In order to lower the dimension of the problem, the two baths are approximated by two single long spins. We demonstrate that the hyperfine interaction allows to utilize the nuclear baths for quantum information purposes. In particular, we show that it is possible to swap the nuclear ensembles on time scales of seconds and indicate that it might even be possible to fully entangle them. As a key result, it turns out that the larger the baths are, the more useful they become as a resource of quantum information. Interestingly, the nuclear spin dynamics strongly benefits from combining two quantum dots of different geometry to a double-dot setup.
PACS: 76.20.+q – General theory of resonances and relaxations / 03.67.Bg – Entanglement production and manipulation / 76.60.Es – Relaxation effects
© EPLA, 2011