Single-particle interference versus two-particle collisions
Institut für Theorie der Statistischen Physik, RWTH Aachen University - D-52056 Aachen, Germany, EU
2 JARA - Fundamentals of Future Information Technology
3 Department of Metal and Semiconductor Physics, National Technical University ``Kharkiv Polytechnical Institute'' 61002 Kharkiv, Ukraine
Accepted: 15 September 2011
We consider a mesoscopic circuit in the quantum Hall effect regime comprising two synchronized single-particle sources emitting particles into a Mach-Zehnder interferometer. While particles from one source can possibly interfere at the interferometer output, particles from the second source are injected directly into one of the interferometer's arms and are used to create tunable and coherent suppression of interference. If particles from the two different sources collide at the interferometer output, the magnetic-flux dependence of the charge transferred to one of the output contacts is suppressed. In contrast the interference pattern in the current at a fixed time is preserved and the impact of the second source manifests itself in a time-dependent phase shift.
PACS: 72.10.-d – Theory of electronic transport; scattering mechanisms / 73.23.-b – Electronic transport in mesoscopic systems / 73.23.Ad – Ballistic transport
© EPLA, 2011