Cohabitation effect on the slowdown of the Neolithic expansion
Complex System Lab, Departament de Física, Universitat de Girona - 17071 Girona, Catalonia, Spain, EU
Accepted: 8 October 2011
We introduce the effect of cohabitation between generations to a previous model on the slowdown of the Neolithic transition in Europe. This effect consists on the fact that human beings do not leave their children alone when they migrate, but on the contrary they cohabit until their children reach adulthood. We also use archaeological data to estimate the variation of the Mesolithic population density with distance, and use this information to predict the slowdown of the Neolithic front speed. The new equation leads to a substantial correction, up to 37%, relative to previous results. The new model is able to provide a satisfactory explanation not only to the relative speed but also to the absolute speed of the Neolithic front obtained from archaeological data.
PACS: 87.23.Cc – Population dynamics and ecological pattern formation / 89.20.-a – Interdisciplinary applications of physics / 89.65.Ef – Social organizations; anthropology
© EPLA, 2011