Finite temperature and dissipative corrections to the Gross-Pitaevskii equation from λΦ4 one-loop contributions
Departamento de Física, Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del IPN - 07000 México D.F., México
Accepted: 12 October 2011
Starting with a scalar field in a thermal bath and using the one-loop quantum correction potential, we rewrite the Klein-Gordon equation in its thermodynamical representation and study the behavior of this scalar field due to temperature variations in the equations of motion. We find the generalization of a Gross-Pitaevskii–like equation for a relativistic Bose gas with finite temperature, the corresponding thermodynamic and viscosity expressions, and an expression for the postulate of the first law of the thermodynamics for this BECs. We also propose that the equations obtained might help to explain at some level the phase transition of a Bose-Einstein Condensate in terms of quantum field theory in a simple way.
PACS: 67.85.Hj – Bose-Einstein condensates in optical potentials / 11.30.Qc – Spontaneous and radiative symmetry breaking / 05.30.Rt – Quantum phase transitions
© EPLA, 2011