Tagged particle in a sheared suspension: Effective temperature determines density distribution in a slowly varying external potential beyond linear response
Department of Chemistry, Colorado State University - Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA
Accepted: 14 October 2011
We consider a sheared colloidal suspension under the influence of an external potential that varies slowly in space in the plane perpendicular to the flow and acts on one selected (tagged) particle of the suspension. Using a Chapman-Enskog–type expansion we derive a steady-state equation for the tagged-particle density distribution. We show that for potentials varying along one direction only, the tagged-particle distribution is the same as the equilibrium distribution with the temperature equal to the effective temperature obtained from the violation of the Einstein relation between the self-diffusion and tagged-particle mobility coefficients. We thus prove the usefulness of this effective temperature for the description of the tagged-particle behavior beyond the realm of linear response. We illustrate our theoretical predictions with Brownian dynamics computer simulations.
PACS: 05.70.Ln – Nonequilibrium and irreversible thermodynamics / 05.40.-a – Fluctuation phenomena, random processes, noise, and Brownian motion / 82.70.-y – Disperse systems; complex fluids
© EPLA, 2011