119Sn NMR probe of magnetic fluctuations in SnO2 nanoparticles
Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay - Powai, Mumbai 400076, India
2 Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR) - Jakkur P. O., Bangalore 560064, India
Accepted: 2 November 2011
119Sn nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectra and spin-lattice relaxation rate (1/T1) in SnO2 nanoparticles were measured as a function of temperature and compared with those of SnO2 bulk sample. A 15% loss of 119Sn NMR signal intensity for the nano sample compared to the bulk sample was observed. This is indicative of ferromagnetism from a small fraction of the sample. Another major finding is that the recovery of the 119Sn longitudinal nuclear magnetization in the nano sample follows a stretched exponential behavior, as opposed to that in bulk which is exponential. Further, the 119Sn 1/T1 at room temperature is found to be much higher for the nano sample than for its bulk counterpart. These results indicate the presence of magnetic fluctuations in SnO2 nanoparticles in contrast to the bulk (non-nano) which is diamagnetic. These local moments could arise from surface defects in the nanoparticles.
PACS: 75.50.Pp – Magnetic semiconductors / 75.50.Dd – Nonmetallic ferromagnetic materials / 76.60.-k – Nuclear magnetic resonance and relaxation
© EPLA, 2011