Singular features in noise-induced transport with dry friction
Benjamin Levich Institute, The City College of New York - New York, NY 10031, USA
2 Department of Mathematics, King's College London - London WC2R 2LS, UK, EU
Accepted: 29 November 2011
We present an exactly solvable nonlinear model for the directed motion of an object due to zero-mean fluctuations on a uniform featureless surface. Directed motion results from the effect of dry (Coulombic) friction coupled to asymmetric surface vibrations with Poissonian shot noise statistics. We find that the transport of the object exhibits striking non-monotonic and singular features: transport actually improves for increasing dry friction up to a critical dry-friction strength Δ* and undergoes a transition to a unidirectional mode of motion at Δ*. This transition is indicated by a cusp singularity in the mean velocity of the object. Moreover, the stationary velocity distribution also contains singular features, such as a discontinuity and a delta peak at zero velocity. Our results highlight that dissipation can in fact enhance transport, which might be exploited in artificial small-scale systems.
PACS: 05.40.-a – Fluctuation phenomena, random processes, noise, and Brownian motion / 05.60.-k – Transport processes / 46.65.+g – Random phenomena and media
© EPLA, 2012