Responsive nematic solid shells: Topology, compatibility, and shape
Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge - 19 J. J. Thomson Ave., Cambridge CB3 0HE, UK, EU
Accepted: 3 January 2012
Nematic solids, both glassy and elastomeric, with defects in the director field can attain stress-free Gaussian curvature from an initially flat state. In this letter we show how the intrinsic curvature and/or the global topology of the initial reference state interacts with the curvature arising from the spontaneously strained nematic director field. In particular, locally compatible mechanical deformations due to the director can be globally incompatible in certain topologies.
PACS: 61.30.Jf – Defects in liquid crystals / 46.70.De – Beams, plates, and shells / 68.60.Bs – Mechanical and acoustical properties
© EPLA, 2012