Elastic collapse in disordered isostatic networks
Depto. de Física Aplicada, CINVESTAV del IPN - Av. Tecnológico Km 6, 97310 Mérida, Yucatán, México
Accepted: 4 January 2012
Isostatic networks are minimally rigid and therefore have, generically, nonzero elastic moduli. Regular isostatic networks have finite moduli in the limit of large sizes. However, numerical simulations show that all elastic moduli of geometrically disordered isostatic networks go to zero with system size. This holds true for positional as well as for topological disorder. In most cases, elastic moduli decrease as inverse power laws of system size. On directed isostatic networks, however, of which the square and cubic lattices are particular cases, the decrease of the moduli is exponential with size. For these, the observed elastic weakening can be quantitatively described in terms of the multiplicative growth of stresses with system size, giving rise to bulk and shear moduli of order e−bL. The case of sphere packings, which only accept compressive contact forces, is considered separately. It is argued that these have a finite bulk modulus because of specific correlations in contact disorder, introduced by the constraint of compressivity. We discuss why their shear modulus, nevertheless, is again zero for large sizes. A quantitative model is proposed that describes the numerically measured shear modulus, both as a function of the loading angle and system size. In all cases, if a density p>0 of overconstraints is present, as when a packing is deformed by compression or when a glass is outside its isostatic composition window, all asymptotic moduli become finite. For square networks with periodic boundary conditions, these are of order . For directed networks, elastic moduli are of order e−c/p, indicating the existence of an “isostatic length scale” of order 1/p.
PACS: 61.43.-j – Disordered solids / 62.20.de – Elastic moduli / 63.50.Lm – Glasses and amorphous solids
© EPLA, 2012