Damped oscillations in the ratios of stock market indices
Research Center for Adaptive Data analysis, National Central University - Chungli 32001, Taiwan, Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica - Nankang, Taipei 11529, Taiwan and Department of Physics, National Central University - Chungli 32001, Taiwan
Accepted: 20 January 2012
A stock market index is an average of a group of stock prices with weights. Different stock market indices derived from various combinations of stocks may share similar trends in certain periods, while it is not expected that there are fixed relations among them. Here we report our investigations on the daily index data of Dow Jones Industry Average (DJIA), NASDAQ, and S&P500 from 1971/02/05 to 2011/06/30. By analyzing the index ratios using the empirical mode decomposition, we find that the ratios NASDAQ/DJIA and S&500/DJIA, normalized to 1971/02/05, approached and then retained the values of 2 and 1, respectively. The temporal variations of the ratios consist of global trends and oscillatory components including a damped oscillation in 8-year cycle and damping factors of 7183 days (NASDAQ/DJIA) and 138471 days (S&P500/DJIA). Anomalies in the ratios, corresponding to significant increases and decreases of indices, only appear in the time scale less than an 8-year cycle. Detrended fluctuation analysis and multiscale entropy analysis of the components with cycles less than a half-year manifest a behavior of self-adjustment in the ratios, and the behavior in S&500/DJIA is more significant than in NASDAQ/DJIA.
PACS: 89.65.Gh – Economics; econophysics, financial markets, business and management / 05.45.Tp – Time series analysis / 05.40.Fb – Random walks and Levy flights
© EPLA, 2012