p-electron magnetism in doped BaTiO3−xMx (M=C, N, B)
Institut für Angewandte Physik and Center for Computational Materials Science, Vienna University of Technology Gusshausstraße 25, A-1040 Wien, Austria, EU
2 Computational Materials Physics, University of Vienna - Sensengasse 8/12, A-1090 Wien, Austria, EU
Accepted: 22 February 2012
We present VASP calculations using the HSE functional for carbon, nitrogen, and boron-doped BaTiO3− xXx (X=C, N, B). We calculate a 40-atom supercell and replace one oxygen atom by C,N, or B. For all three substituents we find a magnetically ordered groundstate which is insulating for C and N and half-metallic for B. The changes in the electronic structure between the undoped and the doped case are dominated by the strong crystal field effects together with the large band splitting for the impurity p-bands. Using an MO picture we give an explanation for the pronounced changes in the electronic structure between the insulating non-magnetic state and the as well insulating magnetic state for doped BaTiO3. p-element–doped perovskites could provide a new class of materials for various applications ranging from spin-electronics to magneto-optics.
PACS: 71.15.Mb – Density functional theory, local density approximation, gradient and other corrections / 71.55.Ht – Other nonmetals / 85.75.-d – Magnetoelectronics; spintronics: devices exploiting spin polarized transport or integrated magnetic fields
© EPLA, 2012