The complex quantum harmonic oscillator model
Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Khartoum - P.O. Box 321, Khartoum 11115, Sudan
Accepted: 10 April 2012
We have formulated a model of a complex (two-dimensional) quantum harmonic oscillator. All dynamical physical variables are expressed in terms of the creation and annihilation operators, viz., . The Hamiltonian of the system is , where ω is the oscillator frequency and is the orbital angular momentum. The oscillator is found to be described by a conserved orbital angular momentum (Lz) besides energy. While the ground-state wave function is real, all excited states are complex and degenerate. The oscillator in these states carry a quantum of charge of . These degenerate wave functions are eigenstates of the orbital angular momentum with eigenvalues nℏ and −nℏ, where h=2πℏ is the Planck's constant and n=1, 2, … . The two wave functions are degenerate with energy En=(n+1)ℏω. The comparison with Landau level reveals that in the presence of the magnetic field, B, where ω is equal to the cyclotron frequency, the current moment is quantized and is proportional to the square root of the magnetic field, i.e., .
PACS: 03.65.-w – Quantum mechanics / 03.65.Fd – Algebraic methods / 73.43.-f – Quantum Hall effects
© EPLA, 2012