The effect of an infinite plane-wave approximation on calculations for second-harmonic generation in a one-dimensional nonlinear crystal
Center of Theoretical Physics, Department of Physics, Capital Normal University - Beijing 100048, China
Accepted: 19 April 2012
In this paper, the second-harmonic generation (SHG) in a one-dimensional nonlinear crystal that is embedded in air is investigated. Previously, the identical configuration was studied in Li Z. Y. et al., Phys. Rev. B, 60 (1999) 10644, without the use of the slowly varying amplitude approximation (SVAA), but by adopting the infinite plane-wave approximation (PWA), despite the fact that this approximation is not quite applicable to such a system. We calculate the SHG conversion efficiency without a PWA, and compare the results with those from the quoted reference. The investigation reveals that conversion efficiencies of SHG as calculated by the two methods appear to exhibit significant differences, and that the SHG may be modulated by the field of a fundamental wave (FW). The ratio between SHG conversion efficiencies as produced by the two methods shows a periodic variation, and this oscillatory behavior is fully consistent with the variation in transmittance of the FW. Quasi-phase matching (QPM) is also studied, and we find that the location of the peak for SHG conversion efficiency deviates from Δd=0, which differs from the conventional QPM results.
PACS: 42.65.Ky – Frequency conversion; harmonic generation, including higher-order harmonic generation / 42.70.Mp – Nonlinear optical crystals
© EPLA, 2012