A bottleneck model for bidirectional transport controlled by fluctuations
Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, CNRS (UMR 8627), University Paris-Sud - Bâtiment 210, F-91405 Orsay Cedex, France, EU
2 Fachrichtung Theoretische Physik, Universität des Saarlandes - D-66123 Saarbrücken, Germany, EU
Accepted: 26 April 2012
We introduce a new model to study the oscillations of opposite flows sharing a common bottleneck and moving on two totally asymmetric simple exclusion process (TASEP) lanes. We provide a theoretical analysis of the phase diagram, valid when the flow in the bottleneck is dominated by local stationary states. In particular, we predict and find an inhomogeneous high-density phase, with a striped spatio-temporal structure. At the same time, our results also show that some other features of the model cannot be explained by the stationarity hypothesis and require consideration of the transients in the bottleneck at each reversal of the flow. In particular, we show that for short bottlenecks, the capacity of the system is at least as high as for uni-directional flow, in spite of having to empty the bottleneck at each reversal —a feature that can be explained only by efficient transients. Looking at more sensitive quantities like the distribution of flipping times, we show that, in most regimes, the bottleneck is driven by rare fluctuations and descriptions beyond the stationary state are required.
PACS: 05.70.Ln – Nonequilibrium and irreversible thermodynamics / 02.50.Ey – Stochastic processes / 05.70.Fh – Phase transitions: general studies
© EPLA, 2012