Toward a microscopic description of flow near the jamming threshold
New York University, Center of Soft Matter Research - 4 Washington Place, New York, NY 10003, USA
Received: 4 July 2012
Accepted: 13 August 2012
We study the relationship between microscopic structure and viscosity in non-Brownian suspensions. We argue that the formation and opening of contacts between particles in flow effectively leads to a negative selection of the contacts carrying weak forces. We show that an analytically tractable model capturing this negative selection correctly reproduces scaling properties of flows near the jamming transition. In particular, we predict that i) the viscosity η diverges with the coordination number z as η ∼ (zc − z)−(3+θ)/(1+θ), ii) the operator which governs flow displays a low-frequency mode that controls the divergence of viscosity, at a frequency ωmin ∼ (zc − z)(3+θ)/(2+2θ), and iii) the distribution of forces displays a scale f* that vanishes near jamming as f*/〈f〉 ∼ (zc − z)1/(1+θ) where θ characterizes the distribution of contact forces P(f) ∼ fθ at jamming, and where zc is the Maxwell threshold for rigidity.
PACS: 83.80.Hj – Suspensions, dispersions, pastes, slurries, colloids / 63.50.-x – Vibrational states in disordered systems / 45.70.-n – Granular systems
© EPLA, 2012