Improving information filtering via network manipulation
1 School of Information and Technology, Jiangxi University of Finance and Economics Nanchang 330013, PRC
2 Department of Physics, University of Fribourg, Chemin du Musée 3 - CH-1700 Fribourg, Switzerland
Received: 25 August 2012
Accepted: 20 November 2012
The recommender system is a very promising way to address the problem of overabundant information for online users. Although the information filtering for the online commercial systems has received much attention recently, almost all of the previous works are dedicated to design new algorithms and consider the user-item bipartite networks as given and constant information. However, many problems for recommender systems such as the cold-start problem (i.e., low recommendation accuracy for the small-degree items) are actually due to the limitation of the underlying user-item bipartite networks. In this letter, we propose a strategy to enhance the performance of the already existing recommendation algorithms by directly manipulating the user-item bipartite networks, namely adding some virtual connections to the networks. Numerical analyses on two benchmark data sets, MovieLens and Netflix, show that our method can remarkably improves the recommendation performance. Specifically, it not only improves the recommendations accuracy (especially for the small-degree items), but also helps the recommender systems generate more diverse and novel recommendations.
PACS: 89.75.-k – Complex systems / 89.65.-s – Social and economic systems / 89.20.Ff – Computer science and technology
© EPLA, 2012