Suppressing quantum fluctuations in classicalization
CERN, Theory Division - CH-1211 Geneva 23, Switzerland
Received: 15 January 2013
Accepted: 15 January 2013
We study vacuum quantum fluctuations of simple Nambu-Goldstone bosons —derivatively coupled single scalar-field theories possessing shift symmetry in field space. We argue that quantum fluctuations of the interacting field can be drastically suppressed with respect to the free-field case. Moreover, the power spectrum of these fluctuations can soften to become red for sufficiently small scales. In quasiclassical approximation, we demonstrate that this suppression can only occur for those theories that admit such classical static backgrounds around which small perturbations propagate faster than light. Thus, a quasiclassical softening of quantum fluctuations is only possible for theories which classicalize instead of having a usual Lorentz invariant and local Wilsonian UV completion. We illustrate our analysis by estimating the quantum fluctuations for the DBI-like theories.
PACS: 42.50.Lc – Quantum fluctuations, quantum noise, and quantum jumps / 03.70.+k – Theory of quantized fields / 11.10.Gh – Renormalization
© EPLA, 2013