Anderson localization in finite disordered vibrating rods
1 Instituto de Física, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México - P.O. Box 20-364, 01000 México, D. F., Mexico
2 Instituto de Ciencias Físicas, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México - P.O. Box 48-3, 62251 Cuernavaca Mor., Mexico
Received: 12 November 2012
Accepted: 25 February 2013
We study, both experimentally and numerically, the Anderson localization phenomenon in torsional waves of a disordered elastic rod, which consists of a cylinder with randomly spaced notches. We find that the normal-mode wave amplitudes are exponentially localized as occurs in disordered solids. The localization length, measured using these wave amplitudes, decreases as a function of frequency. The normal-mode spectrum is also measured as well as computed, so its level statistics can be analyzed. From the spectrum, the nearest-neighbor spacing distribution can be obtained. This distribution can be described by a phenomenological expression that depends on a parameter α, related to the level repulsion, which is also a function of the frequency. Therefore, the localization length can be expressed in terms of the parameter α. There exists a range in which the localization length grows linearly with α. However, at low values of this parameter the linear dependence does not hold.
PACS: 71.23.An – Theories and models; localized states / 72.15.Rn – Localization effects (Anderson or weak localization) / 05.45.Mt – Quantum chaos; semiclassical methods
© EPLA, 2013