An autonomous and reversible Maxwell's demon
II. Institut für Theoretische Physik, Universität Stuttgart - Stuttgart 70550, Germany, EU
Received: 4 January 2013
Accepted: 25 February 2013
Building on a model introduced by Mandal and Jarzynski (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 109 (2012) 11641), we present a simple version of an autonomous reversible Maxwell's demon. By changing the entropy of a tape consisting of a sequence of bits passing through the demon, the demon can lift a mass using the coupling to a heat bath. Our model becomes reversible by allowing the tape to move in both directions. In this thermodynamically consistent model, total entropy production consists of three terms one of which recovers the irreversible limit studied by MJ. Our demon allows an interpretation in terms of an enzyme transporting and transforming molecules between compartments. Moreover, both genuine equilibrium and a linear response regime with corresponding Onsager coefficients are well defined. Efficiency and efficiency at maximum power are calculated. In linear response, the latter is shown to be bounded by 1/2, if the demon operates as a machine and by 1/3, if it is operated as an eraser.
PACS: 05.70.Ln – Nonequilibrium and irreversible thermodynamics / 05.40.-a – Fluctuation phenomena, random processes, noise, and Brownian motion / 05.90.+m – Other topics in statistical physics, thermodynamics, and nonlinear dynamical systems (restricted to new topics in section 05)
© EPLA, 2013