Annular cracks in thin films of nanoparticle suspensions drying on a fiber
CNRS, Univ Pierre et Marie Curie, Univ Paris-Sud, Lab FAST, Bat 502, Campus Univ Orsay 91405, France, EU
Received: 28 February 2013
Accepted: 30 April 2013
We report an experimental study of the crack pattern formed during the drying of a colloidal suspension. A horizontal fiber, which provides a one-dimensional, boundary-free substrate, is coated by a film of micronic thickness. The geometry imposes a remarkable annular crack pattern and allows precise measurements of the crack spacing over a short range of film thickness (between 2 and 10 μm) which varies linearly with the film height. We compare our experimental data with a model proposed by Kitsunezaki which suggests that the variation of the crack spacing with the film thickness depends on the ratio between a critical stress at cracking and a critical stress for slipping on the substrate. By measuring the friction force of the colloidal gels on a hydrophobic surface through a cantilever technique, we can deduce the critical crack stress for these colloidal gels simply by measuring the crack spacing of the pattern.
PACS: 91.60.Ba – Elasticity, fracture, and flow / 83.80.Hj – Suspensions, dispersions, pastes, slurries, colloids / 62.20.M- – Structural failure of materials
© EPLA, 2013