Effect of strain on gap discrete breathers at the edge of armchair graphene nanoribbons
1 Institute for Metals Superplasticity Problems, Russian Academy of Sciences - Str. Khalturina, 39, 450001 Ufa, Russia
2 School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Nanyang Technological University 50 Nanyang Avenue, Singapore, 639798
Received: 1 March 2013
Accepted: 3 June 2013
Linear and nonlinear vibration modes of strained armchair graphene nanoribbons with free edges are investigated by means of atomistic modeling. It is shown that phonon modes can be divided into two groups, the XY-modes with the displacements of atoms in the nanoribbon plane, and the Z-modes with atomic displacements normal to the nanoribbon plane. Strained nanoribbons possess a sufficiently wide gap in the phonon spectrum of the XY-modes so that a gap discrete breather (DB) can be excited. Large-amplitude DBs exist within the strain range 0.125 < εxx < 0.20. At larger strains an attempt to excite a DB results in breaking of the nanoribbon, while at smaller strains the gap in the phonon spectrum of the XY-modes is either too narrow or absent. DBs can have energy up to 1 eV and the maximal DB energy is larger for smaller strain of the nanoribbon. A possible role of DBs in the fracture of strained graphene nanoribbons at finite temperatures is discussed.
PACS: 45.70.Mg – Granular flow: mixing, segregation and stratification / 05.45.-a – Nonlinear dynamics and chaos / 81.05.ue – Graphene
© EPLA, 2013