Quantum entropy production in phase space
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry and Institute for Physical Science and Technology, University of Maryland College Park, MD 20742, USA
Received: 28 May 2013
Accepted: 24 July 2013
A fluctuation theorem for the nonequilibrium entropy production in quantum phase space is derived, which enables the consistent thermodynamic description of arbitrary quantum systems, open and closed. The new treatment naturally generalizes classical results to the quantum domain. As an illustration the harmonic oscillator dragged through a thermal bath is solved numerically. Finally, the significance of the new approach is discussed in detail, and the phase space treatment is opposed to the two-time energy measurement approach.
PACS: 05.70.Ln – Nonequilibrium and irreversible thermodynamics / 05.30.-d – Quantum statistical mechanics
© EPLA, 2013