Unfrozen spin effect in a composite 1D topological superconductor
1 Department of Physics, Southeast University - Nanjing, 210096, China
2 Department of Physics and Materials Science, City University of Hong Kong - Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon, Hong Kong, China
Received: 28 February 2013
Accepted: 1 August 2013
The spin of Majorana fermions (MF) is nearly frozen by the applied magnetic field in a composite 1D topological superconductor due to the weak spin-orbit coupling (SOC). In this work, we address theoretically the strong SOC limit and weak-magnetic-field effect, under which the spin degree of freedom of MFs is reactivated and dependent on the wire direction. The quantized zero-energy conductance peak in a bent N/S wire junction can be severely suppressed. The MF phase is significantly modified due to the spin noncollinearity and the fusion of MFs is independent of the wire direction, which is opposite to the strong-magnetic-field case. It is also found that the spatial distribution of an MF could be heavily affected by the wire direction. The findings are helpful to identify and braid MFs in the 1D wire network.
PACS: 73.20.-r – Electron states at surfaces and interfaces / 73.63.Nm – Quantum wires / 74.78.Fk – Multilayers, superlattices, heterostructures
© EPLA, 2013