Dynamic compressibility of dense granular shear flows
Physique et Mécanique des Milieux Hétérogènes, UMR 7636 ESPCI - CNRS - Univ. Paris-Diderot - Univ. P. M. Curie 10 rue Vauquelin, 75005 Paris, France, EU
Received: 29 May 2013
Accepted: 2 August 2013
We provide evidence that an assembly of hard non-deformable particles can behave as a compressible medium when slowly sheared. By means of discrete element simulations of frictional discs, we show the existence of transverse and sagittal waves. These waves are associated to a dynamic compressibility which originates from the fact that the average density of such a system effectively depends on the confining pressure. Analysing velocity fluctuations, we show the existence of spontaneous oscillations, whose frequency coincides with that observed at the resonance of forced oscillations. The results are independent of the contact stiffness and the restitution coefficient. They are well reproduced by a continuum model based on a local constitutive relation.
PACS: 83.80.Fg – Granular solids / 63.50.-x – Vibrational states in disordered systems / 47.40.-x – Compressible flows; shock waves
© EPLA, 2013