High-energy collision cascades in tungsten: Dislocation loops structure and clustering scaling laws
1 EURATOM- Tekes, Department of Physics, University of Helsinki - P.O. Box 43, FI-00014 Helsinki, Finland, EU
2 EURATOM/CCFE Fusion Association, Culham Centre for Fusion Energy - Oxfordshire OX14 3DB, UK, EU
Received: 14 June 2013
Accepted: 20 August 2013
Recent experiments on in situ high-energy self-ion irradiation of tungsten (W) show the occurrence of unusual cascade damage effects resulting from single-ion impacts, shedding light on the nature of radiation damage expected in the tungsten components of a fusion reactor. In this paper, we investigate the dynamics of defect production in 150 keV collision cascades in W at atomic resolution, using molecular-dynamics simulations and comparing predictions with experimental observations. We show that cascades in W exhibit no subcascade break-up even at high energies, producing a massive, unbroken molten area, which facilitates the formation of large defect clusters. Simulations show evidence of the formation of both and interstitial-type dislocation loops, as well as the occurrence of cascade collapse resulting in vacancy-type dislocation loops, in excellent agreement with experimental observations. The fractal nature of the cascades gives rise to a scale-less power-law–type size distribution of defect clusters.
PACS: 61.80.Az – Theory and models of radiation effects / 61.82.Bg – Metals and alloys / 61.72.J- – Point defects and defect clusters
© EPLA, 2013