Unravelling the nature of ferromagnetic-paramagnetic phase transition and its bearing on colossal magnetoresistance in nanocrystalline La1−xCaxMnO3 (0.3 ≤ x ≤ 0.4)
School of Physics, University of Hyderabad - Central University P.O., Hyderabad - 500 046, Andhra Pradesh, India
Received: 15 May 2013
Accepted: 31 August 2013
The nature of the ferromagnetic (FM)-paramagnetic (PM) phase transition at changes from first order to second order when the average crystallite size, d, falls below 100 nm in optimally hole-doped nanocrystalline La1−xCaxMnO3. In zero field, the systems with d < 100 behave as a three-dimensional (3D) uniaxial dipolar ferromagnet in the asymptotic critical region but in finite fields, the asymptotic critical behavior changes over to that of a 3D Ising ferromagnet. How effectively polaron correlations couple magnetic degrees of freedom to the lattice decides the order of the FM-PM transition and the magnitude of colossal magnetoresistance (CMR). d alters the electron-lattice coupling and thereby enables the tuning of CMR over an unusually wide temperature range.
PACS: 75.40.Cx – Static properties (order parameter, static susceptibility, heat capacities, critical exponents, etc.) / 75.47.Gk – Colossal magnetoresistance / 75.47.Lx – Magnetic oxides
© EPLA, 2013