Deterministic multicopy entanglement concentration
Department of Physics, Ocean University of China - Qingdao 266100, PRC
Received: 15 May 2013
Accepted: 14 October 2013
The determinisitc entanglement concentration (DEC) protocol under local operations and classical communication (LOCC) for three-copy partially entangled states in bipartite systems is presented. The explicit elements of the operators used are calculated due to the general construction of the generalized measurement operator and the corresponding permutation matrices. The measurement is implemented based on the direct sum extension under the motivation to extend the initial state space with minimum number of ancillary dimensions. Morever, the concentration protocol is generalized to the DEC for n-copy multi-partite GHZ-class states. It is also pointed out that the formation of the measurement operator and the algorithms used to calculate its elements can be utilized in more general cases achieving the feasible entanglement transformation that is clarified by Nielsen's theorem, such as the transformation between arbitrary bipartite states in multicopy and high-dimensional cases and so does multi-partite GHZ-class states.
PACS: 03.67.Pp – Quantum error correction and other methods for protection against decoherence / 03.67.Bg – Entanglement production and manipulation / 03.67.Hk – Quantum communication
© EPLA, 2013