Mid-infrared, plasmonic switches and directional couplers induced by graphene sheets coupling system
School of Physics and Microelectronic and Key Laboratory for Micro-Nano Physics and Technology of Hunan Province, Hunan University - Changsha 410082, China
Received: 29 September 2013
Accepted: 30 October 2013
In this letter, the original switch effect induced by a double-layer graphene sheets coupling system is investigated comprehensively by using the finite-difference time-domain method (FDTD). Simulation results reveal that the transmission varies periodically with the increase of the graphene sheets' overlapping length. The switch effect can be modulated by an ingenious and simple way of displacing one monolayer graphene horizontally in the graphene coupling system. At the same time, tuning the space between the graphene sheets and its chemical potential can also give rise to the perfect switch effect. The FDTD results are consistent with the theoretical calculations. As an application, a three-layer graphene coupling system is constructed. By the same principle, it works not only as an effective optical spatial switch but also as a perfect directional coupler. The proposed structures are operational in the mid-infrared region and will play a significant role in nano-integrated circuits for optical processing and switching.
PACS: 78.67.Wj – Optical properties of graphene / 73.20.Mf – Collective excitations (including excitons, polarons, plasmons and other charge-density excitations) / 52.75.Kq – Plasma switches (e.g., spark gaps)
© EPLA, 2013