Duality in multi-channel Luttinger Liquid with local scatterer
Nonlinearity and Complexity Research Group, Aston University - Birmingham B4 7ET, UK
Received: 7 August 2013
Accepted: 4 November 2013
We have devised a general scheme that reveals multiple duality relations valid for all multi-channel Luttinger Liquids. The relations are universal and should be used for establishing phase diagrams and searching for new non-trivial phases in low-dimensional strongly correlated systems. The technique developed provides universal correspondence between scaling dimensions of local perturbations in different phases. These multiple relations between scaling dimensions lead to a connection between different inter-phase boundaries on the phase diagram. The dualities, in particular, constrain phase diagram and allow predictions of emergence and observation of new phases without explicit model-dependent calculations. As an example, we demonstrate the impossibility of non-trivial phase existence for fermions coupled to phonons in one dimension.
PACS: 71.10.Pm – Fermions in reduced dimensions (anyons, composite fermions, Luttinger liquid, etc.) / 73.63.-b – Electronic transport in nanoscale materials and structures / 73.63.Nm – Quantum wires
© EPLA, 2013