Rigidity sensing by stochastic sliding friction
Laboratoire Gulliver, UMR 7083 CNRS-ESPCI - 10 rue Vauquelin, 75231 Paris Cedex 05, France
Received: 5 September 2013
Accepted: 7 November 2013
The sliding friction force exerted by stochastic linkers interacting with a moving filament is calculated. The elastic properties of the substrate on which the linkers are anchored are shown to strongly influence the friction force. In some cases, the force is maximal for a finite substrate rigidity. Collective effects give rise to a dynamical instability resulting in a stick-slip behaviour, which is substrate-sensitive. The relevance of these results for the motility of crawling cells powered by an actin retrograde flow is discussed.
PACS: 87.16.dm – Mechanical properties and rheology / 46.55.+d – Tribology and mechanical contacts / 87.17.Rt – Cell adhesion and cell mechanics
© EPLA, 2013