Subrecoil cavity cooling towards degeneracy: A numerical study
Institut für Theoretische Physik, Universität Innsbruck - Technikerstraße 25, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria, EU
Received: 14 August 2013
Accepted: 15 November 2013
We present a detailed numerical analysis of the temperature limit and timescale of cavity cooling of a dilute gas in the quantum regime for particles and light. For a cavity with a linewidth smaller than the recoil frequency efficient cooling towards quantum degeneracy is facilitated by applying a tailored sequence of laser pulses transferring the particles towards lower momenta. Two-particle Monte Carlo wave function simulations reveal strongly improved cooling properties for a ring vs. a standing-wave geometry. Distinct quantum correlations and cooling limits for bosons and fermions demonstrate quantum statistical effects. In particular, in ring cavities the photon-mediated long-range interaction favours momentum space pairing of bosons, while fermion pairs exhibit anti-correlated or uncorrelated momenta. The results are consistent with recent experiments and give encouraging prospects to achieve sufficient conditions for the condensation of a wide class of polarisable particles via cavity cooling.
PACS: 37.30.+i – Atoms, molecules, and ions in cavities / 37.10.-x – Atom, molecule, and ion cooling methods / 37.10.Vz – Mechanical effects of light on atoms, molecules, and ions
© EPLA, 2013