Multiple state representation scheme for organic bulk heterojunction solar cells: A novel analysis perspective
1 Fachbereich Physik, Universität Osnabrück - Barbarastraße 7, 49076 Osnabrück, Germany
2 School of Chemistry, Tel Aviv University - Tel Aviv 69978, Israel
Received: 2 July 2013
Accepted: 19 November 2013
The physics of organic bulk heterojunction solar cells is studied within a six state model, which is used to analyze the factors that affect current-voltage characteristics, power-voltage properties and efficiency, and their dependence on nonradiative losses, reorganization of the nuclear environment, and environmental polarization. Both environmental reorganization and polarity are explicitly taken into account by incorporating Marcus heterogeneous and homogeneous electron transfer rates. The environmental polarity is found to have a non-negligible influence both on the stationary current and on the overall solar cell performance. For our organic bulk heterojunction solar cell operating under steady-state open circuit condition, we also find that the open circuit voltage logarithmically decreases with increasing nonradiative electron-hole recombination processes.
PACS: 05.60.Cd – Classical transport / 05.70.Ln – Nonequilibrium and irreversible thermodynamics / 73.50.Pz – Photoconduction and photovoltaic effects
© EPLA, 2013