Strong and weak confinement of parity-time–symmetric acoustic surface wave
Centre for Optical and Electromagnetic Research, State Key Laboratory of Modern Optical Instrumentations, East Building No. 5, Zijingang Campus, Zhejiang University - Hangzhou 310058, China and Joint Research Centre of Photonics of the Royal Institute of Technology (Sweden) and Zhejiang University, Zijingang Campus, Zhejiang University - Hangzhou 310058, China
Received: 28 September 2013
Accepted: 6 January 2014
A strongly confined acoustic surface wave is an acoustic eigenstate localized on an interface between an ordinary acoustic medium and an acoustic metamaterial with negative effective dynamical mass density. Here we show that there is a new unconventional acoustic surface wave sustained by a parity-time -symmetric acoustic interface system, in which the negative effective dynamical mass density is not required (but the effective mass densities of the two adjacent acoustic media should fulfill the parity-time symmetry). Such an acoustic parity-time symmetry in the effective mass density can be used to manipulate acoustic wave propagation, e.g., it can exhibit both weak and strong confinement of the unusual -symmetric acoustic surface wave, and can offer mechanisms for designing acoustic metamaterial devices that would have specific functions in controlling and guiding acoustic wave, including acoustic field enhancement and extraordinary acoustic transmission.
PACS: 77.65.Dq – Acoustoelectric effects and surface acoustic waves (SAW) in piezoelectrics / 43.35.Pt – Surface waves in solids and liquids / 11.30.Er – Charge conjugation, parity, time reversal, and other discrete symmetries
© EPLA, 2014