Quantum, or classical turbulence?
Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University - Ke Karlovu 3, 121 16 Prague, Czech Republic
Received: 13 January 2014
Accepted: 7 February 2014
Our experimental answer is that in thermal counterflow of superfluid 4He both quantum and classical characteristics of turbulence can be detected simultaneously, depending on the length scale at which this quantum flow is probed. We study it at length scales straddling two orders of magnitude across the average distance ℓ between quantized vortices. The Lagrangian dynamics of solid deuterium particles of size is investigated by using the particle tracking velocimetry technique. The normalized probability distribution of the particle velocity changes from the power-law shape typical of quantum turbulence, at scales , to the nearly Gaussian form typical of classical turbulent flows, at .
PACS: 67.25.dk – Vortices and turbulence / 47.37.+q – Hydrodynamic aspects of superfluidity; quantum fluids / 47.27.-i – Turbulent flows
© EPLA, 2014